Mushrooms are undoubtedly the most popular group of mushrooms in Europe, due to their fleshy fruiting bodies, which many species produce and from which delicious dishes are prepared. This is, of course, closely linked to the mushrooming tradition, which is widespread, especially in European countries, and this is at least twice as true for the Czech Republic. The popularity of this group of mushrooms is also due to the difficult confusion with poisonous species of mushrooms, and thus the minimal risk of poisoning, unlike mushrooms that have leaves on the underside of the hat.

Popular mushrooms in Europe, Czech Republic

In the Czech Republic, we distinguish several basic groups of mushroom mushrooms. In addition to mushrooms, there are also quartzites, Cossacks and sliders. Few people know that in our territory it is possible to find (including various color varieties and shapes) more than 80 species of mushroom mushrooms, in Europe it is more than 100 species. Approximately 80% of European mushroom species can be found in virtually all of Europe, with the vast majority linked to the Mediterranean, where species that do not find in other parts of Europe grow, mainly because they are attached to trees that are more natural in the north. do not occur. A few species, in turn, are associated with high altitudes or significantly colder northern areas.

Present the complex diversity of European mushroom fungi, including many newly described species in recent years, which have not yet been shown in any book, through high-quality descriptions and mostly large-format photographs. Due to the popularity of this group of mushrooms, the diversity of European mushroom mushrooms is very well researched. However, with the advent of molecular analytical methods that can reveal the existence of hitherto hidden (cryptic) species, this situation has changed. The proof is the description of several new species of mushrooms in recent years, even from the Czech Republic.

Czech names of mushroom is part of the book

Thanks to these modern molecular genetic methods, however, there have also been significant changes not only in the level of classification of individual species and genera into families, but many species have been reclassified into newly created genera, which is not important from a mushroom point of view, but for mycologists the changes are very significant and it is important to take them into account, although we should not accept them uncritically and blindly at once, because genetics is an area where human knowledge is constantly deepening and current conclusions may turn out to be incorrect in the future.

Although these changes may not be definitive and may change over the years, they are the first of their kind to be fully integrated into this publication. Of course, Latin nomenclature does not affect the Czech names of mushrooms, so there will be no problem for readers to find their way around the book. In addition to the satin part of the book, which is the main part of the publication, readers will also find chapters on the morphology, ecology and protection of fungi.

This connection may be incomprehensible to many mushroom pickers, but the popularity of mushroom picking unfortunately has negative consequences in the sense that most mushroom pickers do not differentiate between species and collect all that they find. Unfortunately, these include rare or even state-protected species that every mushroom picker should know and not collect for consumption.

However, it is far more important to protect the habitats themselves, where these species occur, and which are thus key to their existence.

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